Science Fair Projects

How Does Seawater Affect the Corrosion of Iron

Abstract

The objective: Many iron items are exposed to water. Though they are often protected by being alloyed to make steel or coated in zinc (galvanized), they all eventually rust. The purpose of my experiment is to determine whether or not iron exposed to ocean water needs to be protected more than that exposed to rainwater.

Methods/Materials

90 baby food jars; 90 iron bar ties; 1 digital camera; 1 electronic balance; 1 fork; 1 roll masking tape; 1 measuring cup, mL; 4 plastic milk jugs, gallon; 1 plastic pouring cup; 1 plastic squirt bottle; 1 Sharpy marker; 4 gallons seawater 4 gallons tap water Label 30 baby food jars "T 1" through "T 30" and fill with 50 mL of tap water. Label 30 baby food jars "S 1" through "S 30" and fill with 50 mL of seawater. Label 30 baby food jars "1" through "30" and leave empty. Using the electronic balance, find the mass of each bar tie and record. Place one bar tie in each jar. Record observations. Photograph wires at the start of the experiment and whenever you notice an interesting change. At the end of the experiment, drain solutions allow to dry, and find the mass of each bar tie.

Results

The "Seawater" bar ties average mass increased by 0.025 grams. The "Tap Water" bar ties average mass increased by 0.009 grams. The average mass of the "No Water" bar ties increased by 0.004 grams.

Conclusions/Discussion

Since the "Seawater" bar ties had the greater average mass increase, they must have rusted more than the tap water. These results are supported by visual observations, as well. This data proves the hypothesis correct that iron rusts faster when exposed to seawater than when exposed to tap water.

The project determine whether or not iron exposed to ocean water will corrode more than when exposed to
rainwater.

Science Fair Project done By Kamran M. Jamil

 

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