My materials were a laser pointer, ruler, protractor, 50/50 beamsplitter (microscope slide), mirror, and calculator/trig table. In order to carry out my experiments, I first had to set up my laser rangefinder device. I placed a 50/50 beamsplitter so that the beam is reflected at exactly ninety degrees. Above the beamsplitter I set any object (or a wall), and position it so that the laser hits this object. Next, I put a mirror a few inches away from the other beam which passed directly through the beamsplitter. Then I adjusted this mirror so that the laser was being reflected in such a way that it hit the aforementioned object on the exact same spot that the other beam did. Now we have a right triangle. After doing all of the math-the tan(x) = a/b- I came to the predicted conclusion that triangulation is accurate when used in conjunction with the laser rangefinder, and it may be used at different distances to accurately calculate them.
After all of my hard data-gathering and analysis, I came to the conclusion which my hypothesis supported. Triangulation is accurate at all distances, and although I was only able to test a very limited number of distances (due to the restrictions of space in a town as crowded as Palo Alto), I am confident that triangulation and the laser rangefinder are accurate at all distances. My data supports this.
Once I had finished all of my data-analysis and conclusion-gathering, I have concluded that my hypothesis is correct. Triangulation is accurate, and it works correctly with the laser rangefinder. My data supports this by having a margin of error at .67 inches at the maximum, minimum .05 inches. This proves that when triangulation and the laser rangefinder are used together, some very accurate results will be achieved. I have proven, through my data, that triangulation and the laser rangefinder are very accurate when used together.
This Mathematical project is about using the formula of triangulation and the laser rangefinder and seeing if they can accurately measure distances of varying sizes.
Science Fair Project done By Alexander M. Craig